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Stablecoins: What are they and how are they classified?

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Stable coins are a type of cryptocurrency that is designed to maintain its value and provide price stability. Unlike other cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum, which can be highly volatile, stable coins are pegged to a stable asset or basket of assets, such as fiat currencies, commodities, or cryptocurrencies. Stable coins have gained popularity in recent years due to their potential to provide the stability necessary for merchants and consumers to use cryptocurrency as a medium of exchange.

Stable coins are classified into three main categories:

1. Fiat-Collateralized Stablecoins:
This type of stablecoin is backed by a reserve of fiat currency, such as the US dollar or Euro. The issuer of the stablecoin holds a corresponding amount of fiat currency, which can be redeemed by the holder of the stablecoin at any time. This ensures that the stablecoin maintains its value and remains stable in price.

2. Crypto-Collateralized Stablecoins:
This type of stablecoin is backed by a reserve of another cryptocurrency. For example, a stablecoin may be backed by Ether or Bitcoin, ensuring its stability and providing price stability. The backing cryptocurrency needs to be held in a smart contract, and the value ratio of the stablecoin is fixed relative to the collateral cryptocurrency.

3. Non-Collateralized Stablecoins:
This type of stable coin is not backed by any reserve, but instead relies on an algorithm to regulate the supply and demand of the stable coin to maintain a stable value. Decentralized stable coins, such as Ample forth and Basis Cash, use algorithms that adjust the supply of the stable coin based on market changes to maintain stability.

Some FAQs

Q. What is the purpose of stablecoins?
A. The purpose of stablecoins is to provide price stability and reduce the volatility that is commonly associated with cryptocurrencies. They enable merchants and consumers to use cryptocurrencies as a medium of exchange and store of value while minimizing risks associated with price fluctuations.

Q. Can I use stablecoins to purchase goods and services?
A. Yes, stablecoins can be used to purchase goods and services provided that the vendor accepts them. Several merchants and businesses around the world have started accepting stablecoins as a form of payment.

Q. Are stablecoins regulated?
A. The regulatory status of stablecoins varies in different jurisdictions. However, many regulatory authorities have started to issue guidelines and recommendations to govern the use and operation of stablecoins within their jurisdictions.

Q. Are stablecoins backed by physical assets like gold or silver?
A. Stablecoins can be backed by a variety of physical assets, including precious metals like gold or silver, commodities, or baskets of cryptocurrencies. However, the majority of stablecoins are backed by fiat currencies.

Q. What is the risk associated with stablecoins?
A. While stablecoins aim to provide price stability, there are still risks associated with them. The value of stablecoins may fluctuate due to changes in the value of the backing asset, sudden changes in demand, or if the stablecoin issuing company becomes insolvent.

Q. How do I purchase stablecoins?
A. Stablecoins can be purchased from crypto exchanges that support them. The price and availability of stablecoins may vary depending on the exchange.

Q. Can stablecoins be used for remittances?
A. Yes, stablecoins can be used for remittances, which is the transfer of money from one country to another. The use of stablecoins for remittances can reduce the cost and time of cross-border payments.


Stable coins are a new type of cryptocurrency that aims to provide price stability and reduce the volatility that often plagues other cryptocurrencies. They can be classified into three main categories: fiat-collateralized, crypto-collateralized, and non-collateralized stablecoins, each providing stability in different ways. The growing popularity of stablecoins highlights the need for cryptocurrencies that offer a stable value and the potential for greater adoption in industries like e-commerce and finance.

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